N. Katherine Hayles

James B. Duke Professor of Literature

External Address: 
101 Friedl Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-9319

Digital Humanities; Electronic Literature; Literature, Science, and Technology; Science Fiction; Critical Theory


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester 1977
  • M.A., Michigan State University 1970
  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1969
  • B.S., Rochester Institute of Technology 1966

Hayles, NK. Foreword. December 22, 2015. Full Text

Comparative Textual Media: Transforming the Humanities in the Postprint Era. Ed. NK Hayles and J Pressman. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013. (Collection)

Hayles, NK. How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. (Monograph)

Hayles, NK. Electronic Literature: New Horizons for the Literary. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2008. (Monograph)

Hayles, NK. My Mother Was a Computer: Digital Subjects and Literary Texts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. (Monograph)

Ine Hayles, NK. Nanoculture: Implications of the new technoscience. January 1, 2004.

Hayles, NK. Writing Machines. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002. (Monograph)

Hayles, NK. How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. (Monograph)

Chaos and Order: Complex Dynamics in Literature and Science. Ed. HK Hayles. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991. (Collection)


Hayles, NK. "Influences of the digital." Postmodern/Postwar and After: Rethinking American Literature. January 1, 2016. 209-215.

Hayles, NK. "Beyond Human Scale: Steve Tomasula's "The Book of Portraiture"." Steve Tomasula: The Art and Science of New Media Fiction. Bloomsbury, 2015. (Essay)

Sieburth, SM. "Foreword." November 13, 2014. xvii-. Full Text

Gubler, DJ, Ooi, EE, Vasudevan, S, and Farrar, J. "Preface." August 29, 2014. xv-xvi.

Hayles, K. "The Cognitive Nonconscious and the Larger Landscape." Beyond the Humanities and the Digital. Ed. P Svensson and DT Goldberg. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2014. (Essay)

Hayles, NK, and Gannon, T. "Virtual, Actual, Ineffable: Architecture and Media in the Age of Computation." Ineffable: Architecture, Computation, and the Inexpressable. Ed. B Horn. Shenzhen, China: Oscar Riera Ojeda, 2013. 58-71. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "How we think: Transforming power and digital technologies." Understanding Digital Humanities. February 7, 2012. 42-66. Full Text

Hayles, NK, and Gannon, T. "Virtual architecture, actual media." The SAGE Handbook of Architectural Theory. January 1, 2012. 484-500. Full Text

Hayles, K, and Montfort, N. "Interactive Fiction." Routledge Companion to Experimental Literature. Ed. J Bray, A Gibbons, and B McHale. New York: Routledge, 2012. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Media, Materiality, and the Human: A Conversation with N. Katherine Hayles." Communication Matters: Materialist Approaches to Media, Mobility, and Networks. Ed. J Packer and SB Crofts Wiley. London and New York: Routledge, 2012. 17-34. (Essay)


Hayles, NK. "The Cognitive Nonconscious: Enlarging the Mind of the Humanities." Critical Inquiry 42.4 (June 2016): 783-808. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "The Affectual Distinctiveness of Big Books." AMERICAN BOOK REVIEW 37.2 (2016): 15-15.

Hayles, NK. "Quirks of the Quantum: Postmodernism and Contemporary American Literature." NOVEL-A FORUM ON FICTION 48.1 (May 2015): 148-150. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Brain imaging and the epistemology of vision: Daniel Suarez's daemon and freedom." MFS - Modern Fiction Studies 61.2 (January 1, 2015): 320-334.

Hayles, K. "Speculative Aesthetics and Object Oriented Inquiry (OOI)." Speculations: A Journal of Speculative Realism 5 (2014): 158-179.

Hayles, K, Jagoda, P, and LeMieux, P. "Speculation: Financial Games and Derivative Worlding in a Transmedia Era." Critical Inquiry 40.3 (2014): 220-236.

Hayles, NK. "Stanisław Lem's "Summa Technologiae": Mirror text to "The Cyberiad"." Science-Fiction Studies 40.3 (November 2013): 417-427. Full Text


"Cybernetic Readings." Ed. NK Hayles. Comparative Literature Studies 41.3 (2004). (Special issue)

"Technocriticism and Hypernarrative." Ed. NK Hayles. Modern Fiction Studies 43.3 (1997). (Special issue)

Hayles, NK. "Deeper into the Machine: Learning to Speak Digital." Electronic Literature Organization’s 2002 State of the Arts Symposium. Los Angeles: Electronic Literature Organizaton, 2002.

Hayles, NK. "Is It Literature—or Art?." Second Natures (2006): 23-30. (Scholarly Commentary)

Hayles, NK. "Auto-Projection: Fuchs' Evolutionary Tale." (December 1999). (Scholarly Commentary)